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LESSON FOUR: STARTER STUDIES

Staff and Keyboard

Student NotesLook at the quarter notes above. They are all "F note" quarter notes. There are 4 quarter notes showing in one measure. Remember that all the notes in 1 measure, when added together, need to add up to the size for that measure? Well we are going to learn about how to tell what size a measure is.


Look at the first measure. It has some strange signs at the beginning of it and it has some numbers. We will be looking at the numbers for now. The numbers tell you what size the measure is. First let's learn a little more about the different parts of the staff before we learn more about the measure size.

Look at the staff again. Starting from the top of the staff, there are five horizontal lines. Count these five top lines. These top five lines in the staff are called the "Treble Clef." The "Treble Clef" shows the notes that you will be playing with your right hand on the piano. The "Treble Clef" has it's own label so that you know it's a Treble Clef. Look at the object that looks like a strange violin on the left side of the Treble Clef (it is next to the 4/4 numbers). This is the sign (label) for Treble Clef. In fact it is called a Treble Clef.

Look at the staff once more. Starting from the bottom of the staff, there are five horizontal lines. Count these five bottom lines. These bottom five lines in the staff are called the "Bass Clef." The "Bass Clef" shows the notes that you will be playing with your left hand on the piano. The "Bass Clef" has it's own label so that you know it's a Bass Clef. Look at the object that looks like a backwards letter C on the left side of the Bass Clef (it is next to the 4/4 numbers). This is the sign (label) for Bass Clef. In fact it is called a Bass Clef.


Now back to measure size. The measure size is shown in two places on the staff above. It is shown once on the Treble Clef and once on the Bass Clef. The measure size is shown by using the 4/4 numbers (number 4 over number 4). The top number 4 in either the treble clef or the bass clef tells you that there are going to be FOUR NOTES that when added together are going to equal one measure. The bottom number 4 in either the treble clef or the bass clef tells you the "Rhythmic name" of the FOUR NOTES. In the preceding lesson you learned about "Rhythmic names" for the notes. Which Rhythmic name had the number 4 in it?

The answer is a Quarter Note.

In the staff above there will be four (4) quarter (1/4) notes that when added together will equal the size of one measure.

Another way of saying this is that each measure will be 4 quarter notes long.


A measure can have any combination of rhythmic notes (quarter, eighth, sixteenth, half) as long as when you add them all together, they equal 1 measure or they equal 1. Yes, it's mathematics again. Let's go to the next page and learn more the math in music. (Fractions).

12 Note Companion

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